Vitiligo is a skin condition in which considerable areas of the skin lose pigment and white patches appear. These white patches are very conspicuous and the person suffering from the condition feels acutely self-conscious. Since the patch is very stark, the person suffers loss of confidence and may experience social isolation. Although the exact reason for the condition is not known, hereditary factors and environmental factors increase the incidence. The incidence of Vitiligo is present commonly with some other conditions such as alopecia areata (spot baldness), anaemia, and hyperthyroidism.
How does Vitiligo occur?
Vitiligo is said to occur when the skin pigment melanin that gives colour to the skin is no longer present in certain areas. In a person facing Vitiligo, the melanocytes self-destruct, leaving the skin white in patches. It is found in people of all ethnic groups, but is observed more commonly among dark-skinned peoples. It can be seen from a young age, and forms between the age group of 10 to 30.
Vitiligo can be managed by covering the affected area with make-up or masked. The use of sunscreen makes the condition more bearable. Ultraviolet light treatments can be carried out at a clinic.
A person suffering from Vitiligo can make an appointment with a dermatologist to see the options of treatment.